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Scrap Metal Grades & Categories – Different Types of Scrap Metal

R Davies Metals & Sons are specialists in recycling scrap metal in all its forms, there being a number of different categories and types, each variant having its own value.

We cover all of the West Midlands and the UK and can arrange quick, efficient removal of all your scrap metal.

Contact us today to get a free quote and to find out more about our comprehensive range of scrap metal collection and disposal services.

What Category Does My Scrap Metal Fall Under?

All metals fall into one of two basic classifications, Ferrous and Non-Ferrous.

When it comes to the difference, the biggest pointer is that all Ferrous metals are magnetic (something that makes sorting scrap metal that bit easier).

Another good way of picking out Ferrous metals is that they rust, so just looking at a pile of scrap gives you a very good idea as to what it contains.

How Does It Work?

Scrap Metal Grades & Scrap Metal Classification

Before a price can be quoted, all your scrap metal has to be sorted and graded.

But don’t worry, we have a range of equipment that allows for the fast, accurate classification and sorting of your waste metals.

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We Buy All Types and Grades of Metals

R Davies buys, processes, and sells all classifications, grades and types of scrap metal. Our customers benefit from having a problem taken away whilst earning some revenue, and the environment wins as the amount of metal going into landfill is reduced. We also buy vehicles for scrap.

Heavy Metal Scrap Price

The prices of all metals are dependent on the current scarcity, demand and supply, so please contact us for more information; our team of experts are waiting to help.

R Davies buys all types of Ferrous Metal Grades

Ferrous metals typically include:

  • Engineering steel
  • Carbon steel
  • Cast iron
  • Wrought iron

A short list of Non-ferrous metals:

  • Aluminium
  • Copper
  • Lead
  • Zinc
  • Stainless Steel
  • Cable
  • Brass

However, when you get down to the basic types of metal, there are literally hundreds.


Aluminium is one of the most commonly recycled scrap metals and can be found in tin cans of all types, food wraps and much more. Indeed, some car engines have a high aluminium content.


Brass is found throughout many homes, it is used on door knobs, bed frames etc.


Many tools, especially drill bits, contain Carbide, and as it is easily recycled should never just be put in the bin.


Copper is used in the construction and manufacturing industries and is therefore highly valuable and much sought after. You can find this metal in your plumbing systems, electrical appliances and wiring.


Found in numerous items, from cast iron saucepans and pots, lawn mowers, garden swings and furniture and, of course, iron railings. All are great sources of scrap metal.


Lead is one of the metals where recycling really pays off, as it is far harder to mine than to obtain through the recycling process. It is, however, a highly toxic metal, one of the reasons that safety is so very important in the scrap metal industry, all our staff and customers being well protected at all times.


You may be surprised to know that Titanium is used in a vast range of items from jewellery to aircraft, making it one of the most valuable scrap metals there is.

The Ferrous Metal Recycling Process Explained

Sorting – Being magnetic, iron is easily separated from other recyclable metals using powerful magnetic belts.

Shredding – Shredders used by R Davies have rotating magnetic drums that extract iron and steel from any mixture of metals.

Media Separation – The next step involves electrical currents, high-pressure air flows, as well as liquid floating systems. This process removes any protective layers (like on drinks cans).

Shearing – Here, hydraulic machinery is used, creating pressures high enough to cut the thickest, heaviest pieces of iron. For example, railway lines and parts of old ships. Other cutting techniques are also used, including equipment using plasma arcs. This new type of waste treatment system involves heating metal waste to super-high temperatures. This produces gas that can be burned for energy together with solid waste, which can be used as a building material.

Baling – This process produces large blocks of iron, which makes them far easier to move and transport.

What Metals Do We Accept?

We purchase all types of scrap metal, including aluminium, lead, copper, zinc and tin, our speciality being industrial waste metals.

If you have some scrap metal, our scrap yard can provide you with a quick, easy and profitable method of getting rid of the problem whilst at the same time protecting the environment and boosting your bank balance.

Quantity is no problem, and we can deal with loads large and small.

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We Accept All Types of Metal Scrap

  • Dry Bright Copper Wire
  • Clean Flat Copper
  • Copper Tube
  • Burnt Wire
  • Greasy Bright Wire
  • Heavy Copper
  • Tinned Copper
  • Burnt No 2
  • Laquered Wire
  • Thin Gauge Tinned Rope Wire
  • Copper Tanks
  • Braziery Copper
  • Lead Washed Grey Braziery
  • Copper Elements
  • Rolled Aluminium
  • Aluminium Wheels
  • Alloy Wheels
  • Aluminium Cutts
  • Clean H9 / HE9
  • Mixed H9 / HE9
  • Painted H9 / HE9
  • Aluminium Quad
  • Aluminium Wire
  • Cast Aluminium
  • Aluminium Turnings
  • Aluminium Rads
  • Copper Radiators
  • Irony Aluminium
  • Soft Lead
  • Lead Batteries
  • Lead Zinc Wheel Weights
  • Brass
  • Bronze
  • Mixed Brass
  • Brass Borings
  • Brass Turnings
  • Brass & Copper Compo Radiators
  • Household Cable
  • Single Cable
  • Wiring Looms
  • Low-Grade Cable
  • Armoured Cable
  • Electric Motors
  • Starters and Alternators
  • Roofing Zinc
  • Stainless Steel
  • Stainless Turnings
  • Chrome Iron
  • Gunmetal Scrap
  • Phosphor Bronze
  • Gunmetal Turnings

Ferrous Metals

Ferrous metals are metals like shearing steel and cast iron, which are often used in large-scale building and construction projects due to their strength and durability. Examples are railways and industrial containers.

These metals have one major drawback, in that they react with the atmosphere and other elements and are therefore vulnerable to rusting.

This is one tell-tale sign that the material is a Ferrous metal. Ferrous metals are in extremely high demand due to their wide usage in the areas of manufacture and construction and therefore command a high price.

Non-Ferrous Metals

Many types of metals are non-ferrous, these including materials such as aluminium, copper, brass and stainless steel, not to mention precious metals like silver and gold.

Two of the major differences from ferrous metals are that non-ferrous metals are much lighter and more malleable. This means that they are very useful in industries where the weight of metal plays a big role.

Non-ferrous metals do not contain any iron, something that means they have a stronger resistance to issues like corrosion, something that makes them easier to recycle.

These metals can be found in piping, housing materials, roofing, plus many more. And as they do not contain any magnetic material, they can also be used in electrical household appliances and many smaller electronic devices.

Commercial Metal Scrap Skips Available

We can also supply a skip for your scrap metal and industrial metal waste, with sizes varying from 10yds to 40yds. We offer both one-off collections and a regular collection service set to a timescale that meets your business’s requirements.

Our site in Kingswinford near Birmingham and centrally located to cover the entire West Midlands offers the best scrap metal recycling service whilst offering some of the highest prices in the area, our highly accurate weighbridges ensuring you get the very best deal.

We can process the full range of metals and grades and specialise in both ferrous and non-ferrous materials. Plus, we have installed the very latest metal processing equipment, allowing us to process scrap metals quickly and effectively.

We know our customers appreciate our commitment to improving recycling rates, with businesses becoming increasingly aware of their need to recycle any waste in an environmentally friendly manner.

Our Scrap Vehicle Collection Service

Based in Kingswinford near Birmingham, we cover the entire West Midlands.

Please contact us if you are unsure whether your postcode is covered by our vehicle removal service.

  • Worcester
  • Bromsgrove
  • Redditch
  • Kidderminster
  • Bridgnorth
  • Stratford upon Avon
  • Wolverhampton
  • Walsall
  • Dudley
  • Ironbridge
  • Telford
  • Solihull
  • Coventry

Unit 2 – Oak Lane

T: 01384 298833